全新版大学英语综合教程4(第二版)课后复习题及答案.docx

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创新大学英语4答案 【篇一:全新版大学英语综合教程4(第二版)课后全答案】 t ii reading task comprehension possible answers to content questions 1. it refers to the raw, bitter, bleak russian winter. 2. he expected the conquest of russia in five weeks. 3. instead of fighting, they retreated eastward, burning their crops and homes as they went. they let the russian winter fight the war for them while they bided their time. 4. napoleon discovered that the occupation of the city was an empty victory because the russians fled their capital leaving him almost nothing at all. 5. they suffered heavy losses as a result of the extreme cold and the russians hit-and-run attacks. 6. napoleon abdicated and went into exile. 7. hitler began his invasion of the soviet union on june 22, 1941 without a declaration of war. he expected the campaign to last no longer than three months by using the so-called lightning war tactics. 8. no, he wasnt. he instructed the russian people to scorch the earth in front of the german invaders. 9. the people of leningrad refused to surrender and put up a heroic, stiff resistance. 10. an early, severe, cold winter, to a large extent, slowed down the german advance on moscow. 11. the loss of the battle for stalingrad turned the tide against hitler. the german victories were over. 12. the author concludes that the elements of nature must be reckoned with in any military campaign. text organization 1. parts paragraphs main ideas part one paras 1-2 introduction —both napoleons and hitlers military campaigns failed because of the severity of the russian winter. part two paras 3 -11 napoleons military campaign against russia part three paras 12-20 hitlers military campaign against the soviet union. part four para 21 conclusion —the elements of nature must be reckoned with in any military campaign. 2. sections paragraphs main ideas section one paras 12 -13 hitlers blitzkrieg against russia and stalins scorched-earth policy. section two paras 14 -18 the battles fought at leningrad, moscow and stalingrad. section three paras 19-20 the russian counter-offensive and the outcome of the war. language sense enhancement 1. 1) the fierce resistance 2) the long march 3) the devastating enemy 4) bleak 5) launched 6) military might 7) mowed down 8) campaign 9) a painful lesson 10) the aid vocabulary i. 1. 1) alliance 2) at the cost of 3) stroke 4) limp 5) minus 6) regions 7) declarations 8) siege 9) raw 10) bide his time 11) have taken their toll 12) in the case of 2. 1) is faced with 2) get bogged down 3) is pressing on/pressed on 4) drag on 5) get by 6) dine out 7) have cut back 8) get through 3. 1) the rapid advance in gene therapy may lead to the conquest of cancer in the near future. 2) production in many factories has been brought to a halt by the delayed arrival of raw materials due to the dock workers strike. 3) sara has made up her mind that her leisure interests will/should never get in the way of her career. 4) obviously the reporters question caught the foreign minister off guard. 5) the introduction of the electronic calculator has rendered the slide rule out of date/obsolete. 4. 1) being faced with an enemy forces much superior to ours, we had to give up the occupation of big cities and retreat to the rural and mountainous regions to build up our base. 2) unity is crucial to the efficient operation of an organization. failure to reckon with this problem will weaken its strength. in many cases, work may be brought to a halt by constant internal struggle in an organization. 3) the red army fought a heroic battle at stalingrad and won the decisive victory against the germans. in fact, this battle turned the tide in the second world war. during this famous battle, the soviet troops withstood the german siege and weakened the german army by launching a series of counterattacks. ii. 1 during the first world war, battles occurred here and there over vast areas. some of the most dramatic fighting took place in the gloomy trenches of france and belgium . 2 elizabeth made careful preparations for the interview and her efforts/homework paid off. 3 i spent hours trying to talk him into accepting the settlement, but he turned a deaf ear to all my words. 4 pneumonia had severely weakened her body, and i wondered how her fragile body could withstand the harsh weather. iii. 1 fall ill 2 lay dead at home for two weeks 3 dropped dead from a heart attack 4 fell asleep. 5 marrying young 6 to sit still for longer than a few minutes comprehensive exercises i. cloze 1. 1) invasion 2) stand in the way 3) conquest 4) catching (stalin) off his guard 5) launching 6) declaration 7) campaign 8) drag on 9) reckon with 10) bringing (the german advance) to a halt 2. 1) allow 2) reckoned 3) highly 4) forecasts 5) rapidly 6) instant 7) delivery 8) advantage 9) observing 10) powerful ii. translation 1. 1) mr. doherty and his family are currently engaged in getting the autumn harvest in on the farm. 2) we must not underestimate the enemy. they are equipped with the most sophisticated weapons. 3) having been out of a job/not having had a job for 3 months, phil is getting increasingly desperate. 4) sam, as the project manager, is decisive, efficient, and accurate in his judgement. 【篇二:全新版大学英语综合教程4课后习题答案】 ss=txt>unit 1 i. vocabulary 1. 1) alliance2) at the cost of 3) stroke 4) limp 5) minus 6) regions 7) declarations 8) siege 9) raw10) bide his time 11) have taken their toll 12) in the case of 2. 1) is faced with2) get bogged down 3) is pressing on / pressed on4) drag on 5) get by 6) dine out 7) have cut back 8) get through 3. 1) the rapid advance in gene therapy may lead to the conquest of cancer in the near future. 2) production in many factories has been brought to a halt by the delayed arrival of raw materials due to the dock workers’ strike. 3) sara has made up her mind that her leisure interests will/should never get in the way of her career. 4) obviously the reporters question caught the foreign minister off guard. 5) the introduction of the electronic calculator has rendered the slide rule out of date. 4. 1) being faced with an enemy forces much superior to ours, we had to give up the occupation of big cities and retreat to the rural and mountainous regions to build up our bases. 2) unity is crucial to the efficient operation of an organization. failure to reckon with this problem will weaken its strength. in many cases, work may be brought to a halt by constant internal struggle in an organization. 3) the red army fought a heroic battle at stalingrad and won the decisive victory against the germans.in fact, this battle turned the tide in the second world war. during this famous battle, the soviet troops withstood the german siege and weakened the german army by launching a series of counterattacks. ii. more synonyms in context 1) during the first world war, battles occurred here and there over vast areas. some of the most dramatic fighting took place in the gloomy trenches of france and belgium. 2) elizabeth made careful preparations for the interview and her efforts / homework paid off. 3) i spent hours trying to talk him into accepting the settlement, but he turned a deaf ear to all my words. 4)pneumonia had severely weakened her body, and i wondered how her fragile body could withstand the harsh weather. iii. usage 1) but often it is not until we fall ill that we finally learn to appreciate good health. 2) a rich old lady lay dead at home for two weeks—and nobody knew anything about it. 3) its said he dropped dead from a heart attack when he was at work. 4) dont sit too close to the fire to keep warm—you could easily get burned, especially if you fall asleep. 5) in those days people believed in marrying young and having children early. 6) little tom was unable to sit still for longer than a few minutes. structure 1. 1) to his great delight, dr. deng discovered two genes in wild rice that can increase the yield by 30 percent. 2) to her great relief, her daughter had left the building before it collapsed. 3) to our disappointment, our womens team lost out to the north koreans. 4) we think, much to our regret, that we will not be able to visit you during the coming christmas. 2. 1) these birds nest in the vast swamps (which lie to the) east of the nile. 2) by 1948, the peoples liberation army had gained control of the vast areas north of the yangtze river. 3) michelle was born in a small village in the north of france, but came to live in the united states at the age of four. 4) the columbia river rises in western canada and continues/runs through the united states for about 1,900 kilometers west of the rocky mountains. comprehensive exercises i. cloze (a) 1. invasion 3. conquest 5. launching 7. campaign 9. reckon with (b) 1. allow 3. highly 5. rapidly 7. delivery 9. observing 2. stand in the way 4. catching... off his guard 6. declaration 8. drag on 10. bringing...to a halt 2..reckoned 4.forecasts 6.instant 8.advantage 10.powerful ii. translation 1) mr. doherty and his family are currently engaged in getting the autumn harvest in on the farm. 2) we must not underestimate the enemy. they are equipped with the most sophisticated weapons. 3) having been cut of a job/not having had a job for 3months, phil is getting increasingly desperate. 4) sam, as the project manager, is decisive, efficient, and accurate in his judgment. 5) since the chemical plant was identified as the source of solution, the village neighborhood committee decided to close it down at the cost of 100 jobs. the offensive had already lasted three days, but we had not gained much ground. our troops engaging the enemy at the front were faced with strong/fierce/stiff resistance. the division commander instructed our battalion to get around to the rear of the enemy and launch a surprise attack. to do so, however, we had to cross a marshland and many of us were afraid we might get bogged down in the mud. our battalion commander decided to take a gamble. we started under cover of darkness and pressed on in spite of great difficulties. by a stroke of luck, the temperature at night suddenly dropped to minus 20 degrees celsius and the marsh froze over. thanks to the cold weather, we arrived at our destination before dawn and began attacking the enemy from the rear. this turned the tide of the battle. the enemy, caught off guard, soon surrendered. unit 2 i. vocabulary 1. 1.expansion 2. automated 3. vapor 4. take control of 5. hazards 6. satellite 7.vibrated 8.magnetic 9. bunched 10. in the air 11. got stuck in12.approximately 2. 1. send out 2. stand up for 3. pass for 5. starting up 8. fall into 4. were closing in on 6. went through7. fill out 3. 1) the application, remote, has turned into a reality, are poised to 2) that vibrate, can detect, frequency 3) lanes, are mounted in, alert a, hazard ii. word formation kilogram memorandum gymnasium liberation doctor veterinarian medical care electronic mail communications satellite news broadcast sky hijack european dollar preparatory breakfast and lunch television broadcast oxford and cambridge automobile influenza iii. usage 1) swimming pool 2 ) drawing board 3 ) eiched middle english 4 ) disturbing change 5 ) fully developed prototype 6 ) canned foods 7 ) working population 8 ) puzzling differences comprehensive exercises i. cloze 1) computerized 2) start up 3) be poised to 4) alert 5) hazards6) monotonous 7) take control of8) steer 9) lane 10) decrease 11) calculate12) eliminate 13) getting stuck in 14) mounted15) detect 16) vapor 1) generates 2) related 3) revolutionized4) enabled 5) opportunities 6) overall 7)manufacturing8) dependent 9) interact 10) fatalities ii. translation 1) there was an unusual quietness in the air, except for the sound of artillery in the distance. 2) the expansion of urban areas in some african countries has been causing a significant fall in living standards and an increase in social problems. 3) the research shows that atmospheric carbon dioxide levels are closely correlated with global temperatures. 4) the frequency of the bus service has been improved from 15 to 12 minute recently. 5) the diver stood on the edge of the diving board, poised to jump at the signal from the coach. automobiles have, since their invention, revolutionized transportation, changing forever the way people live, travel, and do business. on the other hand, they have brought hazards, especially highway fatalities. however, today the application of computer technology and electronic sensors in designing and manufacturing cars makes it possible to eliminate most of traffic accidents. for example, electronic sensors mounted in your car can detect alcohol vapor in the air and refuse to start up the engine. they can also monitor road conditions by receiving radio signals sent out from orbiting satellites and greatly reduce your chances of getting stuck in traffic jams. unit 3 i. vocabulary 1) rude2) physically3) structure 4) made a difference 5) blurted (out) 6) chuckling 7) measurable 8) prospective 9) preparations 10) sparkled 11) took a crack at 12) partner 1) go after 2) look back at/on3) be put up 4) stood for 5) build in 6) follow up 7) be hooked up to 8) closed up 1) grilled her about where she had been all night 2) beyond cinderella’s wildest dreams that she could one day dance in the king’s palace 3) will be in readers hands soon 4) do your homework before going on an interview. 5) was in the neighborhood of 150 dollars. 1)applicants, veteran, the prospective 2)from his standpoint, has made every endeavor to goafter 3) as the saying goes, to have a crack at, barely 1. behave 2. used to avoid repetition 3. clean 4. get along 5. perform/complete 6. perform/complete 7. study 8. be enough 9. be acceptable structure 1. there is so much to say and it is hard to know where to begin.ok,i’ll talk about myself first. 2. thank you very much, john, for your beautiful christmas card. by the way, i have something here for you. 3. the new computer language can be quite easily understood by anyone who can read the daily newspaper.now, why is this an advantage? 4. i’m going to work out the outline and will let you know how it goes.by the way, i will see you in february, as i plan to attend your seminar in shanghai. 5. ok, you got the job.now, how to maximize your profits with as little effort as possible? 6. chris is back from australia.incidentally, those pictures you sent me are wonderful. comprehensive exercises i. cloze (1) prospective (2)as i see it
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